Day 43: Wednesday
Good morning Zak,
So you might know that in ancient Greece an idiotês was what they called a person who withdrew from society and kept private. We might say, someone who kept their head in the sand. In the context of Athenian democracy, this type of individual was viewed very negatively, since individuals who kept to themselves rather than engaging with society were seen as a threat to the political system—a system based on public discourse.
By the way, the word īdiotês is based on the same Greek root as the English word “idiot.”
But you’d have to be an idiot to think that knowing the Greek somehow gives you a more proper understanding of the modern English. If you subscribe to this line of thinking then you are falling for what’s known as “the etymological fallacy.” That’s a fancy term we non-elitists use to stigmatize certain elitist philologists—people who clam to have a superior understanding of proper uses and usages as a result of their knowledge of where words come from.
“Proper,” by the way, comes from the Latin adverb proprius, which is close in meaning to the Greek word idios.
These days, the general consensus is that language is best understood in terms of both diachronic and synchronic analysis; this means that we need to look at not only where modern words come from, but also how they relate to other words within the same modern language. A proper idiot is clearly not the same thing as an idiotic idiot. Right?
The one type of analysis I haven’t seen anyone yet consider is metachronic analysis. Perhaps, an idiot is not merely distinct from an ancient idiotês nor merely from other people who exist synchronically—at the same time and in the same society. An idiot, in the truest, fullest sense of the word, is an individual. Someone who must be analyzed outside of time all together.
Maybe human identity isn’t only about other people who come before or at the same time or even after. Maybe it’s also about the human as an individual. A man who chooses to wear a yellow bow tie exists not only in relation to past and present fashion trends. He also exists outside of time all together, in relation to all possible men with and without every possible kind of neck piece imaginable.
A good philologist is someone who also considers unusual uses and usages…